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Australian Weather

The Beaufort Scale
A wind scale devised in 1806 by Admiral Sir Francis Beaufort.
  • 0  - Calm
  • 1  - Light Air
  • 2  - Light Breeze
  • 3  - Gentle Breeze
  • 4  - Moderate Breeze
  • 5  - Fresh Breeze
  • 6  - Strong Breeze
  • 7  - Near Gale
  • 8  - Gale
  • 9  - Severe Gale
  • 10 - Storm
  • 11 - Violent Storm
  • 12 - Hurricane
The Richter Scale
A scale devised for earthquakes in 1935 by Charles Richter.
  • 1  - Instrumental
  • 2  - Feeble
  • 3  - Slight
  • 4  - Moderate
  • 5  - Rather Strong
  • 6  - Strong
  • 7  - Very Strong
  • 8  - Destructive
  • 9  - Ruinous
  • 10 - Disastrous
  • 11 - Very Disastrous
  • 12 - Catastrophic
Types of Clouds
  • Cirrus - Feathery white clouds
  • Cirrocumulus - Small patchy white clouds
  • Cirrostratus - Thin white sheets of clouds
  • Cumulus - White puffy clouds
  • Stratus - Low grey clouds
  • Nimbus - Dark heavy rain clouds
Types of Lightning
  • Anvil
  • Ball
  • Bead
  • Cloud to Air
  • Cloud to Cloud
  • Cloud to Ground
  • Forked
  • Ribbon
  • Sheet
  • Staccato
Natures signals that rain might be on the way
  • Ants build up their nests
  • Bats fly lower
  • Kookaburras calling in the daytime
  • Birds sing more
  • Cattle gather closer together
  • Dolphins swim closer to land
  • Roosters crow before going to sleep
  • Mosquitoes attack during the day
Australian Events in Weather & Nature
  • 1895-1903 Major drought takes hold as it does in 1911-1916, 1938-1945, 1954-1955, 1964-66, 1978-1983 and currently in 2006
  • 1939 The 'Black Friday' bushfires took seventy one lives and 1000 homes along with complete townships.
  • 1941 Mereberrie earthquake(6.9) shakes up Western Australia.
  • 1974 Cyclone Tracy takes 50 lives and destroys 90% of Darwin.
  • 1975 Bushfires affect 13-15% of Australia.
  • 1983 'Ash Wednesday' Bushfires in Victoria and South Australia take 71 lives
  • 1989 An Earthquake measuring 5.9 on the Richter Scale takes 13 lives in the City of Newcastle.
  • 1994 Lowest recorded temperature of -23c at Charlotte Pass, Highest recorded temperature of 53c was recorded in 1889 at Cloncurry


For more on Australian weather and related information see The Bureau of Meteorology....Weatherzone....Geoscience Australia